Police in Pennsylvania Don’t Understand The Marijuana Laws

The headline says it all but who can blame them, right? It does get quite confusing. PA’s complex marijuana laws are one of the main reasons why policemen sometimes commit mistakes themselves. But being men in uniform makes it even more crucial for them to make sure they’re doing a great job.

This is why it’s so important to have a grasp about the law so that you can avoid trouble, as much as you can. Ignorance of the law excuses no one, not even the police so best be careful. In this article, we’ll discuss just how complex medical marijuana laws in PA are and how police get confused.

Complex Laws of PA

Currently, important people are doing their best when it comes to pushing for the decriminalization of marijuana all over the state. We all know that it’s still quite a sensitive issue and law enforcers aren’t so friendly with those who manage to break some laws.

One of the most complex ideas to grasp in the PA medical marijuana law is the definition of possession. Here we’ll discuss them separately:

Possession of Small Amount of Marijuana

In Pennsylvania, you’re most life to get in jail if you posses even just a few pieces of medical marijuana. Here, it’s defined as 30 grams or less. If ever you’re caught with marijuana just within your reach, you could be jailed for 30 days and fined for $500.

Lucky for you, this kind of offense is one of the lightest ones and don’t have extreme consequences that could cost you tons of opportunities.

Such an event could lead to consequences like your license getting suspended. Your first offense would mean a suspension for six months but succeeding offenses don’t go for less than a year. Your license could get suspended for two years and you can’t drive anything.

Simple Possession

This is different from Possession of Small Amount of Marijuana because this includes all types of illegal drugs including marijuana, cocaine, meth, and heroin. If ever you’re caught having drugs like these, it also has a different set of consequences.

Here it’s also assumed that the drugs you have with you are just for personal use and not for distribution which makes it different from Possession with Intent to Deliver.

When you’re first found with any kind of drug, you can be imprisoned for a year and fined up to $5,000. The second offense would be imprisonment for up to three years and a fine of $25,000. The suspension of your driver’s license remains the same with the previous definition of possession.

Possession with Intent to Distribute

Here, it’s quite obvious what it’s for. In cases where you’re found having drugs you intend to distribute, you’re subjected to severe offenses and it constitutes to felony offenses. No matter what kind of drug it is, this is one of the worst offenses in the state.

This has a lot of factors including the amount of illegal drugs on-hand and the times you were caught guilty of the same offense as before.

Punishment depends on the kind of drug you were intending to distribute. You could be jailed for a year or five. Fines are also quite high for this offense.

Where All the Confusion Comes

Even by just reading through the previous section, you’d know how hard it is to classify where each possession case could fall into.

Depending on the factors you base it on, it’s very obvious how policemen get confused all the time. Here are some areas why it’s probably causing so much confusion:

Amount of Drugs On-Hand

This is one of the aspects that will surely be debated over and over again. In terms of amount, you can never really tell if it’s for distribution or for personal use.

Even there was just a small amount of drug found on the person, it could still be possible that this was still for distribution.

Marijuana Possession

Marijuana possession falls into to categories of possession, Possession of Small Amount of Marijuana and Simple Possession.

If you look at it this way, where should you actually classify it under? Under the former or latter? It gets confusing because it’s qualified for both which makes it harder to classify.

These are just two factors that cause a lot of confusion, even for police officers. Not knowing what to base the amount of drugs on is one thing, but classifying it under what kind of possession is another.

You can’t really blame people if they still get confused with the three kinds of possession categories in PA. It’s already quite difficult to understand it, even with this article. Hopefully, policemen in the state follow their best judgement and classify them accordingly.
For more information, please visit: https://www.veriheal.com/pennsylvania/.…

Public Health Update for Island Residents & Visitors

Toronto Public Health has provided the following information to address some of the concerns expressed by Toronto Island Residents.

Toronto Island residents and visitors should avoid contact with floodwater.

  • Contact with floodwater should be avoided due to potential risk of waterborne illness such as E. coli and cryptosporidium. These diseases are caused by contact or consumption of contaminated water; they are not airborne.
  • Vulnerable people including young children, older adults and individuals who are immunocompromised are at greater potential risk from waterborne illness. More information about these diseases can be found on the Toronto Public Health’s website here .
  • Children and pets should be kept away from flooded areas until the areas are cleaned up.
    Skin infections can develop if open wounds are exposed to flood waters. It is important to cover open wounds with a waterproof bandage and, if the wound had come into contact with floodwater, wash well with soap and warm, clean water.
  • Contact with floodwater should also be avoided due to potentially unsafe physical conditions. Water may be deeper or moving faster than it appears, or there may be unseen objects in the water that may cause injury.
  • If you are expected to come into contact with floodwater during clean-up of affected areas, you should wear rubber boots and rubber gloves.
  • If you have come into direct contact with floodwater, wash your hands and other body parts that may have come into contact with floodwater with soap and warm, clean water.
  • Wash children’s hands frequently, and always before eating.
  • Testing floodwaters is not a standard practice as testing will not provide additional information beyond the personal safety and health precaution advice provided. This includes avoiding contact with floodwaters, and wearing rubber boots and rubber gloves if contact is expected.
  • Designated beaches will be monitored through TPH’s beach monitoring program between June and Labour Day. During this time we will be collecting water samples from all 11 Toronto beaches, if they are not damaged by floods and are good enough for use. We will be posting beaches that are not safe for use through signage, as well as on TPH web page (http://app.toronto.ca/tpha/beaches.html) and on the beaches hot line (416-392-7161).

If there have been power outages associated with the flooding, food safety can be an issue if food cannot be maintained at appropriate temperatures.

  • If food has not been maintained at appropriate temperatures, bacteria such as Salmonella can build up in perishable foods and may cause gastrointestinal disease.
  • Vulnerable people such as young children, older adults and individuals who are immunocompromised are at greater risk from foodborne illness.

Mould can affect indoor air quality if water has entered people’s homes and other buildings.

  • This is a concern due to mould growing on wet or damp household materials.
  • Exposure to mould by breathing mould spores can cause eye, nose and throat irritation; increased asthma attacks; runny nose, sinus congestions; and allergic reactions.
  • The elderly, pregnant women, infants and young children, people with allergies, chronic respiratory illness and/or chemical sensitivities and those with weakened immune systems are most likely to experience health effects from mould.

Standing water should be removed (where possible) from private property to reduce mosquito breeding and risk of West Nile virus.

  • Standing water includes rain and floodwater accumulating in garden objects (e.g., tires, flowerpots), gutters and drains, and other containers.
  • At present it is still early in mosquito season and we do not usually expect any infected mosquitos in Toronto until July or August. Surveillance for infected mosquitoes across Toronto will be begin in mid-June.
  • Vulnerable people such as older adults and individuals who are immunocompromised are at greater risk from West Nile virus infection.

Community Meeting: PRS Lived Experience Advisory Group

City staff are inviting residents and communities to participate in the creation of the Lived in support of the City’s Poverty Reduction Strategy.

TO Prosperity: Toronto Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) was unanimously approved by City Council on November 4, 2015. A copy of the Council decision and report is available at http://app.toronto.ca/tmmis/viewAgendaItemHistory.do?item=2015.EX9.5.

This decision included approval of a Lived Experience Advisory Group comprised of Toronto residents with lived experience of poverty to contribute their expertise to the effective development, measurement and monitoring of poverty reduction initiatives.

Before the Lived Experience Advisory Group is created, input from residents who understand poverty is needed. City staff will host a community meeting to hear from residents who have lived experience with the conditions and impact of poverty, particularly those with ideas on how to include underrepresented voices. Deputy Mayor Pam McConnell (Ward 28 Toronto Centre-Rosedale) will be in attendance.

The community meeting will take place on Saturday, September 24 from 10 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. at Lawrence Heights Community Centre, 5 Replin Rd. (Lawrence West Subway Station). Tokens, food and child care will be provided for the day. Registration for the meeting is available online here.

The day will focus on gathering input on how the Lived Experience Advisory Group should work: composition and terms of membership; frequency and location of meetings; communication frequency, audiences and tactics; supports required; and more.…

King Street Pilot Study Begins

The City of Toronto has begun its King Street Pilot Study project. Currently the study is in its first round of consultations.

King Street is the busiest surface transit route in the entire City, carrying more than 65,000 riders on a typical weekday. But we recognize that King Street isn’t working well. Streetcars are often stuck in mixed traffic, making it challenging to keep transit service running smoothly. This often results in bunching and gapping of vehicles, uneven utilization of capacity, and overcrowded vehicles. During rush hour, people are often unable to board the first streetcar that arrives.

King Street is also an important Downtown east-west spine, connecting many neighbourhoods with the largest concentration of jobs in the City, Region, and entire Country. The King Street corridor will continue to see significant population and employment growth in the coming decades, leading to further demand on these already heavily congested transit routes.

The City and TTC have recently been making operational changes to improve streetcar service, including: allowing all-door loading (to become more effective with the new low-floor streetcars); adding supplemental buses; extending turning and on-street parking restrictions; optimizing transit stop locations and route running times; adding route supervisors; and improving night service.

But a more significant change is needed to improve transit service on King Street. The pilot project(s) will test a range of options to determine what might further improve transit reliability, capacity, and efficiency.

To find out more about the King Street Pilot Study and review supplemental information, please visit the city’s dedicated website here. The Study is currently in Phase 1.

The first public meeting will be held on Monday, February 13, from 6:30 to 9:30 at Metro Hall (55 John St), Room 308/309.

 …

June 21: National Aboriginal Day

National Aboriginal Day will take place on Wednesday June 21, 2017. Please join us at 5:30 am at City Hall for the City’s Annual Sunrise Ceremony. This year, Toronto’s First Peoples will be commemorated through the permanent raising of the flags belonging to the Indigenous groups both traditional and present today to this territory which include: The Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation, Six Nations of the Grand River Territory First Nation, the Huron-Wendat-Wendake First Nation, The Métis Nation of Ontario, and the Inuit.

National Aboriginal Day honours the history, culture and achievements of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples. This year’s event includes the unveiling of five Indigenous flags in permanent locations on Nathan Phillips Square. The permanency of the flags commemorates Toronto’s location on Indigenous lands. The flags include: Mississaugas of the New Credit, Six Nations, Huron-Wendat, Métis, and Inuit.

About National Aboriginal Day

In 2009, June was declared National Aboriginal History Month, following the passing of a unanimous motion in the House of Commons. This provides an opportunity to recognize not only the historic contributions of Aboriginal peoples to the development of Canada, but also the strength of present-day Aboriginal communities and their promise for the future. Every June, Canadians celebrate National Aboriginal History Month, which is an opportunity to honour the heritage, contributions and cultures of First Nation, Inuit and Métis communities across Canada. Canadians are also invited to celebrate National Aboriginal Day on June 21st each year.

2017 Events

Indigenous Arts Festival
June 21 to 25
Fort York National Historic Site
250 Fort York Blvd.
Free admission

Na-Me-Res Traditional Pow Wow
June 24, Grand entry at noon,
Fort York National Historic Site
250 Fort York Blvd.
Free admission…

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March 21: International Day for the Elimination of Racism

The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21 March. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid pass laws. Proclaiming the day in 1966, the United Nations General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.

 

Recent events in the United States, Quebec, and Ontario remind us of how important it is to build a strong movement to stop racism, Islamophobia and discrimination. Learning from each other, building a culture of understanding, reaching out to those who feel marginalized, working to eliminate discrimination in all its forms- these are key steps to embracing our common humanity.

Toronto & York Region Labour Council and Urban Alliance for Race Relations have organized an event on the evening of March 21: Let’s pack Toronto City Council Chamber with residents looking to step up and speak out to Stop Hate. An action plan will be outlined with clear steps that each resident can take to resist the surge of racism, discrimination, and Islamophobia.

Where: Council Chambers, City Hall, 100 Queen St W
When: Tuesday, March 21, 7 pm-9 pm

Panel Speakers:

Katherine Brooks, Indigenous Elder, Imam Ibrahim Hindy, Dar al Tawheed mosque, Anthony Morgan, Lawyer and advocate, Kristyn Wong-Tam, Toronto City Councillor, Yussuff, President, Canadian Labour Congress

Moderator:

Nigel Barriffe, President, Urban Alliance on Race Relations

Performances:

Moyo Rainos Mutamba (Zimbabwean Mbira performer), ECHO Women’s Choir with Annabelle Chvostek, Toronto Children’s Concert Choir & Performing Arts Company…